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Turkic national games: Kures (wrestling)

People awarded with the title of the Wrestler (Paluan) play an important role in Turkic culture. Turkic epos hero usually fights against the opponent and wins. In general, at the age of six Turkic boys started to learn wrestling, and aimed to win strong people and to develop their dignity. Koshaykhan form the epos “Manas” recognized as the mightiest of fighters ever. In the “Alpamys”, Alpamys won ninety wrestlers in the fight and became a well known winner. “Khannamada” is remembered as the father of the Lion of the great Khan wrestlers. The word “Kures” draws attention on being similar to the name of Gurkhan, the glorious Turkic Kagan.

Kures has become mostly an event in wedding ceremonies in Central Asia. Attention for giving the traditional prizes for fighters and supporting this tradition, as well as the preservation was paid by the governance. In 1860, the Hungarian scientist Armani Vamberi in his visit to Turkestan, attended to a number of wrestling competitions, and made the following records: ” after the birth of the baby in the family for 40 days begins a big ceremony (feast). Even the poor people give a great value to the ceremony and spent a lot of energy to host quests. During the ceremony it is played the various games, and at the end of the wrestlers fight”.

Today, the Turkic people located in the big land from Anatolia to Siberia, Kures is popular in the most traditional events (Nauryz, Sabantoy, etc.) Held in June every year in Turkey “Kyrykkaynar kures days”, traditionally held wrestling competitions on the Sabantoy in spring Tatarstan, Bashkortostan and Chuvash can serve as an example. “Uzbek wrestling” competition organized by Uzbekistan every year in different countries of the world, the international “Kazakh wrestling” competition organized by Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan’s “Nomadic Games” shows how important of and the most prestigious sports inherited from our ancestries.

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