In 1228-1230, during the “Mongol era”, Jochi Khan Mausoleum was built in the upper northern coast of the Kengir river, it was the first mausoleum in the territory of modern Zhezkazgan region. There is a wide plain when you look down at the Kengir River valley from the hill where the mausoleum is located.
Architectural design of mausoleum, volume-space solution is based on architectural traditions of the preceding period. There are also new elements in its architecture.
The building is traditionally oriented to the south-west.
The mausoleum plan has rectangular shape with two rooms: burial room (5×10×5.20m) with a spherical tower, cemetery located in the portal cavity (2.9×10×2.26 m). The building was built on a shallow foundation of 26×26×5cm made of burnt red bricks and chipped bricks.
The area of the bricks used for carving is 45х45 cm. The internal dome (7.90 m in height) stands on a central “dummy crossbar”, the external dome (7.37 m in height) – on faceted barrels. The hole inside inner dome was covered by the external dome. The light penetrates from windows (35-55 cm) located on two sides of the mausoleum, under the barrels. The dome is decorated with relief bricks. The installation of the dome on a multi-sided barrel is a characteristic method of Oghuz, Kipchak tribes. There is no decoration on the interior walls except tanba. The bricks are laid on the floor. Two burials were found during the digging. The walls of the burials are made of large bricks and thin-walled bricks were laid at the down side. The back, tower and roof are made of ganch, and the rest parts are made of special clay using the clay solution. The floor of the mausoleum is made of bricks. The mausoleum of Jochi khan is included into the list of historical and cultural monuments of republican significance.
Source: The Turkic art. Anthology. International Turkic Academy, 2014