Leadership and staff of the International Turkic Academy will pay tribute to those who died in January 1990th incident for liberation of brotherly Azerbaijani people! This year marks the 30th anniversary of the tragic January.
The events in Baku on January 20, 1990 are one of sad pages in the history of Azerbaijan. 30 years ago, on the night of January 19 to January 20, 1990, on the instructions of the Soviet leadership, troops were sent to Baku and fired on civilians. As a result, 134 civilians were killed and more than 700 were injured. Military equipment passed the “live barricades” of Baku residents, who believed that military men would not dare to attack innocent civilians.
After the introduction of troops, repression against active members of the opposition began. However, on January 22, about 1 million people took part in the farewell to victims of military actions. These events were written in the history of Azerbaijan as the “Mournful January”.
In those difficult times, despite the imminent danger, national leader of Azerbaijani people, Heydar Aliyev visited the Azerbaijani Permanent Representation in Moscow, organized a press conference in which he protested to the leadership of the USSR for crimes against Azerbaijani people.
Many years passed after those bloody events, however Azerbaijani people still remember that terrible night. January 20 is forever written in the calendar as National Day of Mourning.
In this respect, President of the International Turkic Academy Darkhan Kydyrali made address on the 30th anniversary of tragedy of January 20:
“The offence committed by the Soviet troops on January 20, 1990, became a manifestation of offence in relation not only to Azerbaijani people, but to all of humanity.
“January 20” was a day of sorrow in the history of Azerbaijan, at the same time today it became a reminder of heroism of people. People of Azerbaijan have demonstrated to the whole world their loyalty to the heroic traditions of their history, their readiness to face the most difficult trials, and even to make sacrifices in the name of freedom and independence of their homeland.
On the 30th anniversary of these bloody events, we share the fate with fraternal Azerbaijani people, and with deep respect pay tribute to heroes who gained a freedom at the cost of their lives!”