Multipurpose Laboratory at the Institute of History and Archeology of the Academy of Sciences of Turkmenistan has begun to use innovative technologies for more complete study of archeological heritage. This laboratory is equipped with a laser analyzer that allows to accurately determine the chemical composition of artifacts currently found. The latest achievements in laser technology, spectroscopy, and in analytical software will be used in the study.
Experts of the small lab have already researched pottery found in Nisa and Parzdepe, as well as in other archeological sites. Results of the analysis indicate that the objects found in the above mentioned settlements were made in south Turkmenistan, in the foothills of Kopetdag. This means that there were trade and cultural relations between people living in the area.
A comparative analysis of the chemical composition of ceramic wastes found in Parzdepe with those found in other settlements identified that their similar chemical composition differed significantly in processing methods. This means that although the ingredients used to make raw materials were approximately the same, there were significant differences in technology of making and firing ceramics.
The study of chemical composition of artifacts discovered during archeological excavations will provide as much information as possible about the life of ancient population, and moreover, will restore historical and cultural monuments of Turkmenistan with particular accuracy.