Turkic Encyclopedia

Turkic national dances

Turkic communities have its own games and dances according to the region. The Caucasus, the Middle East, Anatolia, the Balkans, the Crimea, Siberia and Central Asia regions have developed their own specific forms and styles.  

Ancient Turkic calendar

Today, a Turkic calendar of twelve-year cycle is a wide spread in Central Asia, Siberia, the region of Ural and Volga, and Caucasus Turks. The common names of the 12 animals in the calendar, and the same legends of all Turkic and Mongolian people associated with them - is a clear evidence of this.

Turkic national games: Kures (wrestling)

People awarded with the title of the Wrestler (Paluan) play an important role in Turkic culture. Turkic epos hero usually fights against the opponent and wins. In general, at the age of six Turkic boys started to learn wrestling, and aimed to win strong people and to develop their dignity.

Ethnography of the Turkic community

Common values of Turkic peoples pronounced in their ethnographic traditions. Especially, they have the same or similar names of tribes in their genealogies, they still keeping knowledge up to seven generations and showing respect to mother’s relatives and other traditions and this explains their similarity. 

Turkic national games

National games and sports are very close. For example, the wrestling (kures) is the national sport of the Turkic people, and is often found in feasts and celebrations as "gurash" in Central Asia, in the Urals, in the Volga region, in the Caucasus, in Anatolia and in the Balkan Peninsula. Similarly, Kyrgyz "kökbörw", Kazakhs "kökpar", Uzbeks "köpkarï" or known as “oglak” equestrian sport has common roots. There are many examples of this sport in Anatolia and Caucasus. 

Turkic national games: Kokpar

It is a Central Asian folk culture, especially Turkic community’s traditional sport played on horse. According to the rule the two teams on horseback fighting for the body of a dead goat, and the winner is the one who took the body to the appointed place. 


Biography /

Осман Нури Асанович Акчокраклы
Түркітанушы, ақын